Research

REAL DEFINITION OF EXTREME POVERTY

Several authors and literatures have defined extreme poverty in so many ways. ?However, there is need to look at the definition from other angles. In? very simple terms, ?extreme poverty as defined by the United ?Nations ?is “a condition characterized by severe deprivation of basic human needs, including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information.

 

It depends not only on income but also on access to services.” ?Alas, the above definition does not capture its effects on the people experiencing it. We therefore have defined extreme poverty as the condition you find yourself when hit by it or the experience you are having while passing through it. Imagine a family that had to wait for ten (10) years ?for the wife ?to conceive and deliver a child,? watching their baby die because they could not afford ?medication,?? the cost of treatment charged ?by the hospital or the lack of medical personnel, equipment and drugs in health ?centres.

 

It is defined as the experience farmers have, when after investing all they have in the production of farm produce, they ?lose everything because ?of lack of available and affordable ?transportation to urban markets or buyers as a result of bad roads and lack of storage facilities. Extreme poverty is what you experience when your children cry to you that you must provide food for them, having gone three days without food and in reality you have no food anywhere to give them.

 

Real poverty is when the children of your friends and neighbours are going to school and yours cannot because you have not paid their fees. Real extreme poverty is when you are woken up every morning by your creditors. ?You no longer sleep at home. You are a regular caller at the police station because of debt. Real poverty is when your wife gives birth to quadruplets and you have to run away due to lack of financial resources.